The MDGs and Extreme Poverty
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide a blueprint for the struggle to end extreme poverty. They include halving the number of people living below the poverty line, combating HIV and Aids and other diseases, achieving universal enrollment in primary education worldwide and preventing maternal deaths before 2015. The goals were agreed in 2000 and have been adopted worldwide as a measure of progress by charities and other institutions. Time is running out - while progress has been made in many areas, not enough has been done.
What are the MDG's?
The Millennium Development Goals provide a blueprint for ending poverty by focussing in seven key areas including gender equality and environmental sustainability, with the 1st MDG stating the aim to half the number of people living in extreme poverty to under 500 million by 2015 - in just four years time. Amazing progress has been made in some of the areas but not enough is being done to meet the targets to significantly reduce poverty across all of the goals set out by the UN and World Leaders in 2000.
The Millenium Development Goals must work together, combining individual successes to create a powerful movement to half extreme poverty by 2015.
The following graphic provided by the UNDP MIillennium Goals Project presents each of the goals agreed as a framework for battling poverty - they are all fundamental to making a fairer, more stable world without poverty but it is key that every goal here is helped and supported by the others - for example by improving Gender Equality by achieving Universal Education or improving child and maternal health by supporting the growth of a global partnership on health.
An example of a global partnership on development is the movement to end polio - you can support our work on the campaign to end Polio here.
The 2010 world Summit on the MDGs re-focussed leaders attention on the movement to tighten and re-enforce the purpose of the goals. In 2011, this committment has been renewed and great achievements are being made according to the 2011 Millennium Development Goals Progress Report by the UNDP. Read our blog on the report here.
Between 1990 and 2005, 455 million people were lifted out of poverty- defined as living on less than US$1.25 a day- and another 320 million people are expected to rise above poverty before 2015.
“Poverty reduction of this magnitude is unparalleled in history: never before have so many people been lifted out of poverty over such a brief period of time.” – Duncan Green, Oxfam